Nashik District on the Deccan Plateau, the district on the eastern slope of the Sahyadri. Because the district is part of the tributary river Tapi in the west and,
The river Godavari in the east, significant changes have taken place in the topography of the Deccan Plateau to the north of the district.
The main Sahyadri line runs south-north through the western part of the district, and the three branches of this line run west-east in this district.
In the far north, there is the Selbari mountain range from 1,300 m in the west to 650 m in the east, and the Mangitungi mountain range in it is 1,331 m. To their east are Selbari and Hindbari khind and Thermal and Galna forts.
There is a ravine on the south-north road on the fort of Ghalana. To its south, there is the Gholbari mountain range up to 1,613 m high.
Gholbari khind and Salher fort are in this range. To the south of this range is the Satmala or Chandwad or Ajanta mountain range, which separates the Tapi and Godavari valleys in the center of the district. This line extends first to the east, then to the southeast, and finally to the northeast.
Its average height is 1,100 to 1,350 m and some peaks like Dhodap and Saptashrungi are higher than 1,400 m.
The forts of Achal and Javata are in this range, and the hills are narrow and flat. In the small range to the south of this range, between the rivers Alandi and Banganga, is Ramshej mountain.
To the east of Nashik there are the Jain caves (leni) called Chambar Caves (leni) on a conical hill. To the south of Satmala is the Trimbak-Anjaneri mountain range, and to the east of Bhaskargad is Harish fort. Further to the east are three separate hills, called Trirashmi. The easternmost hill is called Trishirsha and there are Pandava caves.
Godavari originates at Gangadwar in the Trimbak mountain range. There is a temple of Trimbakeshwar at the foot of the hill.
Anjaneri mountain range is very high and rocky. Trishul is the most famous branch of that range. In its eastern part are Ghargad and Shiv Dongar and Bahula fort. The Mumbai-Agra highway passes through a pass in these hills.
Kalsubai (1,646 m) is the highest peak in Maharashtra in the sub-branch extending west-east along the southernmost tip of the district and Igatpuri taluka. There are many peaks higher than 1,500 m in this range. To the north of Kalsubai, there is a huge ridge sloping on a valley near Igatpuri. In this hilly region Madangad-Bitangad, Alang-Kulang, Raulia-Jaulia, Ankai-Tankai, Aundha-Patta, Salher-Mulher, Mangi-Tungi, etc. Many forts are found to have been built in strategic places.
There are about 38 hill forts in the Nashik district, out of which 23 are in Sahyadri and 15 in the Satmala range.
The major rivers flowing in the Kokan or west of the Sahyadri are Chondi, Kaveri, Sasu or Tan, Man or Bamti, Nar, Par, Barik, Damanganga, Val, Vaitarna and Bhima.
Some of these rivers flow some distance across district or state boundaries. They are steep and very short. The Vaitarna river is believed to have abducted the river in the valley of Darna.
The Girna and Bori rivers are the major rivers flowing northeast from the Tapi valley, and they are found separately in Tapi. Eight km from Hatgad in Girna river Sahyadri. To the southwest, Cherai originates south of the village and flows through Kalvan, Satana, and Malegaon talukas and enters the Jalgaon district.
The major tributaries of the River in Nashik district are Tambadi, Punand, Aram, and Mosam Vapanjhan.Manyad is a tributary of the mill which originates in this district and the river is found in Jalgaon district. Panjhan and Manyad are not suitable for irrigation as they flow through deep, narrow valleys and high ravines. But the river and its tributaries are very useful in that respect.
In this district, Godavari is the largest river in South India, originating at Gangadwar (Trimbakeshwar) near Nashik. Also, Known as South Ganga. It is connected to the Kikwi River at a distance of 14 km.
Kashyapi (Kas) - Gangapur dam is built near the confluence of Godavari and Nashik city is at a distance of 10 km from there. After the river Alandi joins the Godavari near Jalalpur, at some distance, the Godavari passes through a narrow, rocky basin and plunges about 10 m deep.
Before entering the city of Nashik, she makes a short jump of about two miles. There are many temples on its banks and many kunda are built in the pot.96 km run of Godavari in Nashik and Niphad talukas. The stream flows through this district.
Darna is a major tributary of the Godavari in the district. It originates in the Sahyadri at a distance of 13 km southeast of Igatpuri. A dam has been built near Nandgaon on the Darna and this has created Lake Beale Reservoir.Darne gets major tributaries Waki, Unduloh, and Valdevi and along with them, Darna joins the Godavari in Niphad taluka. These tributaries are very shallow and dry for six to eight months of the year.
Apart from Darne, Godavari has major rivers like Deva, Jham, Banganga, Kadwa, and Gui. The Godavari and its tributaries are of great use to the district in terms of irrigation.
Nashik is at an altitude of 600 meters (2,000 feet) above sea level.
The Godavari River originates at Brahmagiri Hills in Trimbakeshwar, 24 km (15 miles) from Nashik, and flows through the old residential area along the northern boundary of the city. The river is heavily polluted due to the pollution created by the factory.
Apart from the Godavari, other important rivers like Vaitarna, Bhima, Girna, Kashyapi, Darna, etc. flow through Nashik.
Nashik is situated on the western edge of the Deccan Plateau, which is formed by volcanic eruptions. In the whole district, limestone and gravel are found. Jalgaon and Aurangabad are to the east of Nashik.
Thane and Gujarat are to the west of Nashik, while Ahmednagar is to the south. The black soil here is conducive to agriculture. Trimbakeshwar, where the river Godavari originates, is at a distance of 30 km (19 miles) from Nashik city.
The total land area of the city is 259, 13 sq. Km (100.05 sq. Miles) and is the third-largest city in Maharashtra after Mumbai metropolitan region and Pune and Pimpri-Chinchwad region.
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